Common Plant and Animal List


© 1998 Fort Ross Interpretive Association (Fort Ross Conservancy)
ISBN # 1-56540-355-X

More information could be found here: The California Native Plant Society (Dorothy King Young Chapter)

MAMMALS

  • black bear Ursus americanus

  • black-tailed jackrabbit Lepus californicus

  • bobcat Lynx rufus

  • brush rabbit Sylvilagus bachmani

  • coastal black-tailed deer Odocoileus hemionus

  • coyote Canis latrans

  • feral pig, from wild boar Sus scrofa

  • field mouse (vole) Microtus californicus

  • gray fox Urocyon cineroargenteus

  • mole Scapanus orarius

  • Mountain lion (puma) Felis concolor

  • pocket gopher Thomomys bottae

  • raccoon Procyon lotor

  • ring-tailed cat Bassariscus astutus

  • skunk, striped  Mephitis mephitis

  • spotted (civet cat) Spilogale putorius

BIRDS

  • American (common) egret Casmerodius albus

  • black-shouldered kite Elanus caeruleus

  • blackbird, Brewer’s Euphagus cyanocephalus

  • brown towhee Pipilo fuscus

  • California quail Callipepla californica

  • common raven Corvus corax

  • gold finch (wild canary) Carduelis tristis

  • golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos

  • great blue heron Ardea herodias

  • house finch (linnet) Carpodacus mexicanus

  • hummingbird, Allen’s Selasphorus sasin

  • hummingbird, Anna’s Calypte anna

  • junco, Oregon Junco hyemalis var.

  • kestrel (sparrow hawk) Falco sparverius

  • northern harrier (marsh hawk) Circus cyaneus

  • owls, great horned Bubo virginianus & others

  • pigmy nuthatch Sitta pygmaea

  • red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus

  • red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis

  • robin Turdus migratorius

  • sparrow, white-crowned (weaver finch) Zonotrichia leucophrys & others  

  • Steller’s jay Cyanocitta stelleri

  • swallow, barn Hirundo rustica, & others

  • turkey vulture Cathartes aura

REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS

  • alligator lizard  Gerrhonotus multicarinatus

  • fence lizard Sceloporus occidentalis & others

  • garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis

  • gopher snake Pituophis melanoleucus

  • rubber boa Charina bottae

  • tree frog, Hyla sp.

INSECTS & ARTHROPODS

  • beach fly

  • bumble bee Bombus vosnesenskii

  • European earwig Forficula auricularia

  • ground nesting wasp Vespula sp.

  • monarch butterfly Danaus plexippus

  • sowbug Armadillidium vulgare & others

  • tick, Western black-legged Ixodes pacificus & others

  • MARINE MAMMALS

  • Blue & fin whales Balaenoptera musculus, B.  physalus

  • California sea lion Zalophus californianus

  • elephant seal Mirounga angustirostris

  • Gray whale Eschrictus robustus

  • harbor seal Phoca vitulina

  • Humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae

  • Minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata

  • Orca whale Orcinus orca

  • porpoise, harbor Phocoena phocoena

  • porpoise, Dall’s Phocoenoides dalli

  • Steller sea lion Eumotopias jubatus

FISHES

  • cabezon Scorpaenichthyus marmoratus

  • kelp greenling Hexagrammos decagrammus

  • lingcod Ophiodon elongatus

  • rainbow seaperch  Hypsurus caryi

  • rockfish Sebastes sp.

  • salmon, chinook & coho Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, O. kisutch

  • MARINE INVERTEBRATES

  • Anemone (giant green) Anthopleura xanthogrammica

  • California mussel Mytilus californianus

  • gum boot chiton Cryptochiton stelleri & others

  • limpets, Collisella sp. & others

  • red abalone  Haliotis rufescens

  • sea stars Pisaster ochraceous & others

  • sea urchin, purple Strongylocentrotus purpuratus

  • commercial S. franciscanus

FORMER INHABITANTS

  • California condor Gymnogyps californianus

  • sea otter Enhydra lutris

SEA BIRDS

  • black oyster catcher Haematopus bachmani

  • black Brant Branta bernicla

  • brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis

  • Canada goose Branta canadensis

  • common murre Uria aalge

  • double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus

  • gulls, Western Larus occidentalis & others

  • loon Gavia sp.

  • osprey Pandion haliaetus

  • pigeon guillemot Cepphus columba

  • scoter Melanitta sp.

  • surfbird Aphrizia vergata

MARINE PLANTS

  • bull kelp Nereocystis lutkeana

  • feather boa kelp Egregia menziesii

  • iridescent seaweed Iridaea acordata

  • pink coralline alga Lithothamnium pacificum

  • sea palm Postelsia palmaeformis

  • FLOWERS & SHRUBS

  • adder’s tongue Scoliopus bigelovii

  • azalea, Western Rhododendron occidentale

  • bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens

  • California poppy Eschscholzia californica

  • California blackberry Rubus ursinus

  • ceanothus, Pt. Reyes Ceanothus gloriosus & others

  • columbine Aquilegia formosa

  • coyote bush Baccharis pilularis

  • Douglas iris Iris douglasiana

  • hairy manzanita Arcostaphylos columbiana

  • Himalaya blackberry Rubus discolor

  • huckleberry, blue & red Vaccinium ovatum, V. parvifolium

  • Indian paintbrush Castilleja wightii

  • lupine, bush & coastal Lupinus arboreus, L.  littoralis

  • orange monkey flower Mimulus aurantiacus

  • orchid Calypso bulbosa

  • poison oak Taxicodendron diversilolum

  • redwood sorrel Oxalis oregana

  • salal Gaultheria shallon

  • salmonberry Rubus spectabilis

  • thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus

  • trillium Trillium ovata

  • wax myrtle Myrica californica

TREES

  • Bishop pine Pinus muricata

  • broad-leafed maple Acer macrophylum

  • buckeye Aesculus californica

  • California nutmeg Torreya californica 

  • California bay Umbellaria californica

  • coastal redwood Sequoia sempervirens

  • Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii

  • Grand fir Abies grandis

  • oak, live & canyon Quercus wizlizenii, Q. chrysolepis

  • Pacific madrone Arbutus menziesii

  • red alder Alnus rubra

  • silk tassel tree, Garrya elliptica

  • tan oak Lithocarpus densiflorus

  • willow Salix sp.

MUSHROOMS

  • Boletus edulis, Amanita muscaria & many others

DOMESTIC SPECIES

A Few Call Garden Plants

  • Buddleia Buddleia sp.

  • Calla Lily Zanthedeschia aethiopica

  • Datura (red/orange) Brugmansia sanguinea; white B. candida

  • Fremontia Sterculiaceae fremontia

  • Fuchsia Fuchsia sp.

  • Mexican sage Salvia Leucantha

  • Naked Lady Amaryllis belladonna

  • Pride of Madera Echium fastuosum

  • Princess flower Tibouchina urvilleana

  • Rose of Castile (pink mission rose) Rosa damascena bifera

Trees Around The Grounds

  • Blue gum eucalyptus Eucalyptus globulus

  • Monterey cypress Cupressus macrocarpa

Varieties In The Old Russian Orchard

  • Apples: Black Gilliflower, Pippin, Gravenstein, Red Baldwin

  • Pears, Plums, Olives & Bitter Cherries

 

 


Fort Ross Conservancy, a 501(c)(3) and California State Park cooperating association, connects people to the history and beauty of Fort Ross and Salt Point State Parks. 

© Fort Ross Conservancy, 19005 Coast Highway One, Jenner, CA 95450, 707-847-3437